USB Type C : Everything you need to know about new USB Type

USB stands for Universal Serial Bus

Three Generations of USB : 
  1.  USB 1.0
  2.  USB 2.0
  3.  USB 3.0

 But each of these generations has several types of connectors that are specific to their generation. There are currently Type-A and Type-B connectors that are further complicated by their Standard, Mini, and Micro versions.

USB 1.0 : The original USB 1.0 specification, which was introduced in January 1996.The first widely used version of USB was 1.1, which was released in September 1998. The 12 Mbit/s data rate.

Type-A standard : 2.0 connectors are the most widely recognized. They’re the big and rectangular, making it difficult to know which end is up or down, since it can only be inserted one way. Type-A USB 1.0 plugs and receptacles basically do not exist anymore, since they were released in 1996 but replaced in 2000 with the release of USB 2.0, which is when the USB standard really began to take over.

Type-A : Type A mini and micro connectors also exist, but are incredibly rare. The mini was discontinued in 2007, while the micro is rarely used in any products. Neither of these were updated with 3.0 versions.these type of Connectors ones often seen on printers or scanners.

Type-B Standard : Type-B mini and micro  connectors are probably what you are more familiar with. When you think of a mini-USB or micro-USB plug, you’re probably thinking of the USB 2.0 Type-B mini or micro plug. Micro-USB Type-B got the bump to 3.0, but mini was left behind.

Nearly all modern smartphones, aside from the iPhone which uses a proprietary Lightning charger, charge via a 2.0 Type-B micro. 

How Is USB Type-C Better?

The current specification for Type-C plug is slightly wider and thicker than the current 2.0 Type-B micro plugs — the average micro-USB used in smartphones. While this could be a problem for smartphones that keep getting thinner and thinner, it is refreshing to see one plug type that can go into any device without worrying about its type or size.

Because Type-C is being built on the newest generation of USB 3.1, you can expect to see data transfer speeds of up to 10Gbps. That’s twice USB 3.0’s 5Gbps, and much more than the more common USB 2.0’s 480Mbps. It’s even got enoughspeed to power the video and audio of a 4K Ultra HD display.

In terms of charging, we could see one cable to charge everything. Currently, only low-energy devices can be powered by micro-USB like smartphones, some tablets, and even one Chrome Books. Other things, like laptops and monitors, need to be powered by proprietary chargers because of their higher power consumption, which is quite inconvenient.

Most smartphone chargers handle 5 volts at 2 amps, while computers need 20 volts at 5 amps. USB 3.1, and the new Type-C connectors by extension, supports power scalability up to 100 watts, allowing for one cable that can charge at the lower-end smartphone level or higher-end desktop level. Imagine having the same charger for your computer, tablet, camera, and smartphone. Not bad.
The designers of the Type-C design have also made it so that a user will hear a small click noise when inserting the plug into a port. This is a feature many of us probably don’t think that we need in a USB port, but it actually does a lot for reassuring the user that the cable has been plugged in properly.

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